Nikolaev Observatory  is one of the oldest observatories in Eastern Europe. It was founded in 1821 as a Naval Observatory. In 1912, it became  Nikolaev department of the Main (Pulkovo) Astronomical Observatory (MAO). In 1935, it was included in the network of scientific institutes of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR as Nikolaev department of MAO. In 1992, the observatory became an independent research institution in Ukraine, and it has become the Research Institute: Nikolaev Astronomical Observatory (RI NAO) since 2002. At present the RI NAO is subordinated to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine.

The Observatory is located in the central part of Nikolaev at an altitude of 52m above sea level.
The geographic coordinates are longitude 31o58' E, and latitude 46o58' N.

Nikolaev observatory was included in the Tentative list of UNESCO of  the World Heritage Sites from Ukraine (Tentative list 5116, Tentative list 5267).
Nikolaev Observatory carries out research in the following fields: 


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